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One of PCAL’s goals is to facilitate and encourage active living through promoting supportive physical and social environments.  Environments supportive of active living include features such as:

  • clean air
  • density and mixed uses (convenience shopping) in centres (aligned with corridors)
  • attractive and safe centres (with end-of-trip facilities such as secure bicycle racks and change rooms)
  • good connections between centres and neighbourhoods
  • a network of readily accessible, safe and attractive open spaces (for all ages, ethnicities, ability-levels and socio-economic groups), including “natural areas”
  • efficient, attractive and safe pedestrian and cycleway system connections (to centres and key destinations) including pedestrian crossings
  • efficient and accessible public transport
  • managed parking supply (appropriate to the nature of centres and public transport links)
  • micro-design factors including streetscape and pathway design, lighting, layout and landscape

Control and management of physical environments is a long-standing activity of councils who have responsibilities in relation to the following:

  • Land-use planning, including location, siting and design of private development (housing, commercial and industrial and special uses), parks, reserves and other recreation/ sporting/ community facilities
  • Management of the public domain (streets, tree planting)
  • Urban design (including streetscape enhancement and maintenance)
  • Infrastructure provision and maintenance (also including open space)
  • Transport and traffic, including pedestrian and bicycle plans
  • Natural resource management
  • Development assessment – site specific accessibility, amenity, safety and other issues
  • Development contributions (as a funding source)
  • Directional and explanatory signage
  • Waste management (safety and amenity)
  • Air quality

As can be seen from the above lists, active living initiatives are a good example of the potential for cutting across traditional functional areas – one of the purposes of the IP&R framework - as a way to improve coordinated outcomes.

Not all environmental and social actions are a local responsibility. Another PCAL goal is to ‘build sustainable partnerships across the public, private and non-government sectors' (PCAL 2010). This is also an aim of the IP&R framework and is emphasised in the OLG's 'Creating Active Communities' Guidelines (DLG 2006). As a result, the scope extends to local (and regional) needs which are beyond council responsibilities, but can be addressed in an advocacy role. For example:

  • Public transport provision and improvement
  • Regional / district sporting and recreation facilities: provision and grant funding
  • Funding for community development / preventative health programs

There is considerable common ground between active living and healthy eating actions. For example:

  • Active transport access to food outlets (walking, cycling, community transport)
  • Outdoor activities focussed on community gardens and on-site planting / composting opportunities (including roof gardens) promoting community connectedness
  • Fruit trees in streets (and in reserves) also offer sun protection / shade and attractive streetscapes
  • Healthy eating events as local / regional activities
  • Water supply on pedestrian routes linked to garden maintenance
  • Home food production as outdoor activity